Métis Food   


Bannock (galette de Michif)

Bannock, galette de Michif, is a traditional Métis bread. Generally round (hence the French term galette, meaning cookie), bannock was taken from Indian Fry Bread, combined with baking powder that the Métis were able to receive from the Hudson's Bay Company.


Baked Bannock

3 cups flour

3 tsp. baking powder

1 tsp. sugar (optional)

1 1/2 cups milk

1/4 cup melted fat/lard

1/2 tsp. salt

Never overwork

Bake at 350 for 15-20 minutes until golden brown



Pemmican was and remains a traditional food of Plains indigenous people. The Métis from the Indians adopted pemmican as a food. Convenient to store and maintain, pemmican was not just a staple of the Métis diet, but also a trading commodity.

The process of making pemmican traditionally began with the hunter preparing the carcass of his buffalo by cutting the meat into strips for the women to dry. The meat was hung on racks to dry in the sun and over fires. Then the dried meat was pounded to flake into a coarse powder and an equal amount of melted fat was added, together with berries and other edibles in season, the resulting product was pemmican. Cooled and sewn into 90-pound buffalo hide bags, pemmican could be transported and stored with ease.

Pemmican, as well as dry meat, was purchased by the Hudson's Bay Company to satisfy its need for a nourishing, imperishable food source for its employees. Pemmican was the first item of world-wide free trade and it was the economic base of the Métis in Canada. The Métis Nation traded throughout the world; i.e. Switzerland, the United States, France and Great Britain, supplying these countries’ armies with pemmican (or trail food). As a result of this world wide trade, the Métis Nation had a larger gross national product than any one of those countries. This much independence in an Aboriginal Nation was not conducive to the times (forcing other Aboriginal Nations onto reserves and reservations) and therefore, it only added to the effort of the Canadian and American forces to annihilate the Plains Buffalo.



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